Postpartum Sexual Function and Satisfaction: A Cross-Sectional Study in Iranian Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Faculty of Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

3 Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran


Purpose: Sexual function of women is affected by physical and psychological factors. Pregnancy and childbirth are important factors affecting women’s sexual function. This study aimed to compare the sexual function and satisfaction between primiparous and multiparous women.

: A cross-sectional-analytical study was performed on women 3 to 12 months after delivery recruited from the health centers of Kerman province, Iran, by cluster random sampling method. Study instruments included a demographic information form and two Persian versions of the Female Sexual Function Inventory and Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire, through self-reporting.

Results: In total, 225 primiparous and 225 multiparous women were recruited. There were significant differences in women’s age, the spouse’ age, women’s education level, spouse’s education level, and spouse’s occupations between the groups. The domains of sexual desire (P <0.001), arousal (P <0.001), orgasm (P = 0.001), and satisfaction (P <0.001) were scored higher in the primiparous than the multiparous women. The sexual satisfaction score was also higher in primiparous women.

Conclusions: The sexual health support care for primiparous and multiparous women need to address their specific needs in the short- and long-term after childbirth.


Main Subjects

  • Receive Date: 11 December 2022
  • Revise Date: 24 February 2023
  • Accept Date: 24 February 2023
  • First Publish Date: 24 February 2023