Document Type : Original Article
Department of psychology, Higher Education Center of Eghlid, Eghid, Iran
Purpose: The pandemic has affected the world in a deep and far-reaching manner across nearly every level of analysis. In many respects, the COVID-19 pandemic serves as a broad-based stressor and may interact with diatheses represented at the individual, familial, community, and population levels. This study aimed to determine the mediating role of hope and resilience in the relationship between Corona phobia and the sexual intimacy of couples.
Methods: This study was descriptive correlational and structural equation type. The study population included all married women in Shiraz in 2021, of whom 300 were selected by convenience sampling. The data were collected by the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Couple Intimacy Questionnaire, Adult Hope Scale, and Resilience Scale. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling.
Results: The results revealed that hope significantly mediated the relationship between Corona phobia and resilience (β = -0.18, p <0.001) and Corona phobia and intimacy (β = -0.06, p <0.05). However, resilience did not significantly mediate the relationship between hope and sexual intimacy (β = 0.1, p = 0.2) and corona phobia and intimacy (β = -0.03, p = 0.22).
Conclusions: Therefore, it is required to design and develop hope and resilience interventions, as they affect the intimate relationship between couples, to promote family and social harmony.